Vocabulary~♬ ‏

LEARNING KOREAN

 

Feelings:

1. 외로워 : I’m lonely

2. 슬퍼 : I’m sad

3. 졸려 : I’m sleepy

4. 심심해 : I’m bored

5. 화가나 : I’m angry

6. 행복해 : I’m happy

7. 피고해 : I’m tired

Body Part:

1. 머리:  Head

2. 얼굴:  Face

3. 눈:  Eyes

4. 입:  Lips

5. 코:  Nose

6. 뺨:  Cheek

7. 귀:  Ear

8. 목:  Neck

9. 손:  Hand

10. 팔:  Arm

11. 복부:  Abs

12. 다리:  Legs

13. 발:  Foot

 

Colors:

1. 오렌지색:  Orange

2. 빨간색:  Red

3. 노란색:  Yellow

4. 분홍색:  Pink

5. 하얀색:  White

6. 가만색:  Black

7. 갈색:  Brown

8. 파란색:  Blue

9. 녹색:  Green

10. 회색:  Grey

 

Subjects:

1. 역사:  History

2. 지리:  Geography

3. 생물학:  Biology

4. 문학:  Literature

5. 물리학:  Physics

6. 수학:  Math

7. 화학:  Chemical

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Best Wishes (●^o^●) ~~

LEARNING KOREAN
ENGLISH KOREAN  DESCRIPTION

Best Wishes : Marriage 

Congratulations. Wishing the both of you all the happiness in the world.
축하합니다. 세상에서 가장 행복한 두 분이 되길 바랍니다. Used when congratulating a recently-married couple
Congratulations and warm wishes to both of you on your wedding day.
두 분의 결혼식 날, 축하와 따뜻한 성원을 함께 보냅니다. Used when congratulating a recently-married couple
Congratulations on tying the knot!
결혼을 너무너무 축하한다! Informal, used when congratulating a recently married-couple that you know quite well
Congratulations on saying your “I do’s”!
“한 평생 사랑하겠습니까?” 라는 질문에 “네!” 라고 대답할 너희들을 축복한다. Informal, used when congratulating a recently married-couple that you know quite well
Congratulations to the bride and groom on their happy union.
행복한 이 날, 신부와 신랑을 축하합니다. Used when congratulating a recently-married couple

Best Wishes : Engagement 

Congratulations on your engagement!
약혼을 축하드립니다! Standard phrase used to congratulate someone on their engagement
Wishing both of you all the best on your engagement and everything lies ahead.
두 분의 약혼과 두 분의 앞길에 놓은 모든것을 축복합니다. Used when congratulating a recently engaged-couple
Congratulations on your engagement. I hope you will both be very happy together.
약혼을 축하드립니다. 항상 행복하시길 바랍니다. Used when congratulating a recently engaged-couple
Congratulations on your engagement. I hope you will make each other extremely happy.
약혼을 축하드립니다! 서로 상대방을 행복하게 하며 지내시길 바랍니다. Used when congratulating a recently engaged-couple
Congratulations on your engagement. Have you decided upon big day yet?
약혼을 축하합니다. 그럼 결혼은 언제인지 정해진건가요? Used when congratulating a recently engaged-couple who you know well, and to ask when the wedding will take place

Best Wishes : Birthdays and Anniversaries 

Birthday greetings!
생일 축하합니다! General birthday wish, commonly found on birthday cards
Happy Birthday!
생일 축하! General birthday wish, commonly found on birthday cards
Many happy returns!
행복한 생일날 되세요! General birthday wish, commonly found on birthday cards
Wishing you every happiness on your special day.
오늘같은 특별한 날 행복한 일들이 많이 생기길 바랍니다. General birthday wish, commonly found on birthday cards
May all your wishes come true. Happy Birthday!
모든 소원이 이루어지길 바랍니다. 생일 축하해요. General birthday wish, commonly found on birthday cards
Wishing you every happiness this special day brings. Have a wonderful birthday!
특별한 오늘, 가장 행복했으면 합니다. 멋진 생일 보내세요! General birthday wish, commonly found on birthday cards
Happy Anniversary!
기념일을 축하드립니다! General anniversary wish, commonly found on anniversary cards
Happy…Anniversary!
행복한 … 기념일 되세요! Anniversary wish used when celebrating a specific anniversary (e.g. 25th silver anniversary, 40th ruby anniversary)
…years and still going strong. Have a great Anniversary!
함께하신 …년, 그리고 앞으로 다가올 수많은 축복의 날들. 멋진 기념일 보내세요! Used to emphasize the length of marriage and wish a happy anniversary
Congratulations on your Porcelain Wedding Anniversary!
결혼 20주년(도자기혼식)을 진심으로 축하드립니다. Used to celebrate a 20th wedding anniversary
Congratulations on your Silver Wedding Anniversary!
결혼 25주년(은혼식)을 진심으로 축하드립니다. Used to celebrate a 25th wedding anniversary
Congratulations on your Ruby Wedding Anniversary!
결혼 40주년(루비혼식)을 진심으로 축하드립니다. Used to celebrate a 40th wedding anniversary
Congratulations on your Pearl Wedding Anniversary!
결혼 30주년(진주혼식)을 진심으로 축하드립니다. Used to celebrate a 30th wedding anniversary
Congratulations on your Coral Wedding Anniversary!
결혼 35주년(산호비취혼식)을 진심으로 축하드립니다. Used to celebrate a 35th wedding anniversary
Congratulations on your Gold Wedding Anniversary!
결혼 50주년(금혼식)을 진심으로 축하드립니다. Used to celebrate a 50th wedding anniversary
Congratulations on your Diamond Wedding Anniversary!
결혼 60주년(다이아몬드혼식)을 진심으로 축하드립니다. Used to celebrate a 60th wedding anniversary

Best Wishes : Get well Wishes

Get well soon.
신속히 쾌차하시길 바랍니다. Standard get well wish, commonly found on cards
I hope you make a swift and speedy recovery.
빨리 회복하시길 진심으로 바랍니다. Standard get well wish
We hope that you will be up and about in no time.
저희 모두 신속히 쾌차하시길 기원합니다. Standard get well wish from more than one person
Thinking of you. May you feel better soon.
곧 완쾌하시고 일어나시길 바랍니다. Standard get well wish
From everybody at…, get well soon.
…의 모든사람이 보냅니다. 신속히 완쾌하시길 바랍니다. Get well wish from several people in an office or place of work
Get well soon. Everybody here is thinking of you.
신속히 완쾌하십시오. …의 모든사람들이 사랑을 보냅니다. Get well wish from several people in an office or place of work

Best Wishes : General Congratulations

Congratulations on…
…를 축하합니다. Standard congratulation sentence
I wish you the best of luck and every success in…
…에서 하는 일마다 성공하고, 항상 행운이 함께 하길 바랍니다. Used when wishing someone success in the future
I wish you every success in…
… 에서 늘 성공하시길 바랍니다. Used when wishing someone success in the future
We would like to send you our congratulations on…
…를 축하드립니다. Used when congratulating someone for doing a specific thing
Well done on…
…를 했다니, 축하드립니다. Used when congratulating someone for doing a specific thing, less congratulatory
Congratulations on passing your driving test!
운전면허증 따신 것 축하드립니다! Used when congratulating someone on passing their driving test
Well done. We knew you could do it.
축하드립니다! 잘 해내실 줄 알고 있었어요! Used when congratulating someone, usually a close friend or member of the family
Congrats!
축하! Informal, relatively uncommon, shorthand for congratulations and used when congratulating someone

Best Wishes : Academic Achievements

Congratulations on your graduation!
졸업을 축하합니다! Used when congratulating someone for graduating from university
Congratulations on passing your exams!
시험에 통과한 것을 축하합니다! Used when congratulating someone for passing their school exams
Who’s a clever bunny then? Well done on acing your exam!
누가 이렇게 똑똑 한거야? 시험 너무 잘 봤어! Informal colloquial phrase, used when someone you know well does exceedingly well on an exam
Congratulations on getting your Masters and good luck in the world of work.
박사학위 축하드리며, 앞으로의 미래에 행운이 함께 하길 빕니다. Used when congratulating someone for completing their master’s degree and wishing them luck in the future
Well done on your great exam results and all the best for the future.
멋진 시험 결과 축하드리구, 미래에도 좋은 일들만 있길 바랄게요. Used when congratulating someone for passing their school exams, but when unsure whether they plan to go to university or get a job
Congratulations on your exam results. Wishing you all the best for your future career.
시험 결과를 축하드립니다. 미래에도 좋은 일들이 있길 바랍니다. Used when congratulating someone for passing their school exams, and who you know is looking to get a job
Well done on getting into University. Have a great time!
대학교 입학을 축하합니다! 멋진 시간 보내길 바랍니다. Used when congratulating someone on getting a place at university

Best Wishes : Condolences 

We are all deeply shocked to hear of the sudden death of…and we would like to offer our deepest sympathy.
…의 갑작스런 사망 소식을 듣게 되어 저희 모두도 충격을 받았습니다. 큰 위로를 드립니다. Used when consoling someone on the death of someone close to them. The death could have been expected or unexpected
We are so very sorry to hear about your loss.
안타까운 마음을 전합니다. Used when consoling someone on the death of someone close to them
I offer you my deepest condolences on this dark day.
오늘, 제 가슴에서 우러나온 가장 깊은 위로의 말을 드리고 싶습니다. Used when consoling someone on the death of someone close to them
We were disturbed and saddened by the untimely death of your son/daughter/husband/wife, … .
안타까운 당신의 아들/딸/남편/부인의 소식에 깊은 위로의 말을 전합니다. Used when consoling someone on the death of their son/daughter/husband/wife (includes the name of the deceased)
Please accept our deepest and most heartfelt condolences at this most challenging time.
힘든 시기 잘 넘기시길 바라며, 위로의 말씀 드립니다. Used when consoling someone on the death of someone close to them
Our thoughts are with you and your family at this most difficult time of loss.
항상 생각하고, 안타까워 하고 있습니다. 어려운 시기 잘 이겨내시기 바랍니다. Used when consoling someone on the death of someone close to them

Best Wishes : Career Achievements 

We wish you the best of luck in your new job at…
…의 새로운 직장에서 하시는 일마다 성공하시길 바랍니다. Used when wishing someone success in a new job
From all at…, we wish you the best of luck in your new job.
…의 친구들이 너의 새로운 직장에서 항상 행운이 함께 하길 빈다. Used when old colleagues wish someone success in a new job
We wish you the best of luck in your new position of…
새 … 자리에서 항상 행운이 함께 하길 바란다. Used when old colleagues wish someone success in a new job position
We wish you every success for your latest career move.
하는 일마다 성공하길 바래. Used when old colleagues wish someone success in a new job
Congratulations on getting the job!
새 직장 얻은 것 축하해! Used when congratulating someone on getting a new, usually lucrative, job
Good luck on your first day at…
..에서의 첫 날 무난히 지나가길 바래! Used when wishing someone a good first day at a new job

Best Wishes : Birth

We were delighted to hear of the birth of your new baby boy/girl. Congratulations.
새 남자/여자 아기의 탄생소식을 듣게 되어 기쁩니다. Used to congratulate a couple on the birth of their child
Congratulations on your new arrival!
새 식구를 얻게 된것을 축하드립니다! Used to congratulate a couple on the birth of their child
For the new mother. Best wishes for you and your son/daughter.
엄마가 되신것을 축하드립니다! 아기와 엄마 모두 건강하길 바랍니다. Used to congratulate a woman on the birth of her child
Congratulations on the arrival of your new beautiful baby boy/girl!
귀여운 아기를 낳으신 것 진심으로 축하드립니다! Used to congratulate a couple on the birth of their child
To the very proud parents of… . Congratulations on your new arrival. I’m sure you will make wonderful parents.
…의 자랑스런 부모님께 축하를 전합니다. 멋진 부모님이 되실거라고 믿습니다! Used to congratulate a couple on the birth of their child

Best Wishes : Thanks

Many thanks for…
깊은 감사드립니다. Used as a general thank you message
I would like to thank you on behalf of my husband/wife and myself…
제 남편/아내와 저는 깊은 감사를 드립니다. Used when thanking someone on behalf of yourself and someone else
I really don’t know how to thank you for…
…에 대해 어떻게 감사를 드려야 할지 모르겠습니다. Used when you are very grateful to someone for doing something for you
As a small token of our gratitude…
깊은 감사함에 작은 정성을 준비해봤습니다. Used when giving a gift to someone as a thank you
We would like to extend our warmest thanks to…for…
…에 대한 깊은 감사와 따뜻한 마음을 전합니다. Used when you are grateful to someone for doing something for you
We are very grateful to you for…
…것 진심으로 깊은 감사드립니다. Used when you want to thank someone sincerely for doing something for you
Don’t mention it. On the contrary: we should be thanking you!
그런말씀 하지 마세요. 오히려 저희가 고마워해야 하는걸요. Used when someone thanks you for something, but what he / she did benefited you as well

Best Wishes : Season’s Greetings

Season’s greetings from…
…에서 보내는 시즌 축하 인사 Used in the US to celebrate Christmas and New Year
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!
행복한 크리스마스와 신년 되세요! Used in the UK to celebrate Christmas and New Year
Happy Easter!
행복한 부활절 되세요! Used in Christian countries to celebrate Easter Sunday
Happy Thanksgiving!
행복한 추수감사절 되세요! Used in the US to celebrate Thanksgiving
Happy New Year!
행복한 새해 되세요! Used to celebrate the New Year
Happy Holidays!
행복한 휴일되세요! Used in the US and Canada to celebrate holidays (especially used around Christmas/Hanukkah time)
Happy Hanukkah!
행복한 하누카 되세요! Used to celebrate Hanukkah
Happy Diwali to you. May this Diwali be as bright as ever.
행복한 디왈리 되세요! 이번 디왈리를 가장 밝게 보내시길 바랍니다. Used to celebrate Diwali

Text Message Style

LEARNING KOREAN

Since many young people are so used to typing text messages in a different way, typing proper Korean can sometimes make the person sound serious or angry. Many young people use a style that is considered cuter. However these should not be used in formal conversation, people who you have a formal relationship with and elders (cases vary).

Style/form

Comment

A/V + ㅁ/음

(instead of A/V + (으)면)

This is not to be confused with the real grammar pattern A/V + (으)ㅁ which turns an adjective or verb into a noun.

  • 일찍 끝남 전화할게 → 일찍 끝나면 전화할게

(If I finish early, I’ll call you)

  • 시간 있음 만나자 → 시간 있으면 만나자

(If you have time, let’s meet)

Simple spelling

Examples:

▪   맞아 → 마자

▪   싫어 → 시로/시러

응 substitutions

Using 엉, 웅, 앙, 옹, 읭, 잉 instead of 응 ( a low form of ‘yes’). These forms are supposed to be more ‘cute.’

Adding ㅇ as the 받침 to words.

Young people often add ㅇ as the 받침 to words at the end of sentences without a 받침.

Examples:

▪   오빠! → 오빵!

▪   일찍 만나자 → 일찍 만나장

Substitutes for ~요

~여, ~염, ~엽, ~욘, ~용 , ~효 = Substitutes for ~요 at the end of sentences.

Examples:

▪   잘 자요 → 잘 자여

~셈

Substitute for ~십시오 & ~세요.

Examples:

▪   (to be added)

삼, ~3

Substitute for ~습니다 and 세요. 삼 is the pronunciation for the Sino-Korean number three, so 3 can be used as well.

Examples:

▪   소주 주세요 → 소주 주삼

Using ㅅ instead of ㅆ (as 받침)

Examples:

▪   했어 → 햇어

▪   먹었어 → 먹엇어

(Note: This is usually just a typo.)

Spelled as pronounced

Some words are spelled the way they are commonly pronounced.

Examples:

▪   뭐 → 머 / 모

▪   뭐 해? → 머 해?

▪   뭐 해? → 모 해?

▪   줘 → 조

▪                     물 좀 줘 → 물 좀 조

▪   봐 → 바

▪                     내일 봐 → 내일 바

▪   되 / 돼 → 대

▪                     안 돼 → 안 대

쥐 instead of 지

Sometimes 쥐 is used instead of 지 to sound more cute.

Examples:

▪   인사해야지 → 인사해야쥐

음 words

Words like 다음, 마음 become just 담 and 맘.

~긔 instead of ~고

Sometimes ~구 is used instead of ~고 to sound cuter.

Examples:

▪   잘 자고(잘 자구) → 잘 자긔 for Good night!

Noise used when 겸연쩍을 때

Noise used for laughter, used when 어이없을 때 (especially when girls are)

Shortened Words

LEARNING KOREAN

SHORTENED WORDS:

  • ㅋ- Noise used for laughter, the more ㅋ’s the more the person is laughing.
    • 크 – variation of ㅋ
  • ㅋㄷ – 키득키득, another way to write the sound of laughter
  • ㅎ- Noise used for laughter, the more ㅎ’s the more the person is laughing.

Shortened form

Real word

Comment

ㅇㅇ

Positive response, low form of 네 (yes).

ㅇㅋ

OK

~욜

~요일

Abbreviation used in combination when expressing a particular day.

  • 일욜 → 일요일 (Sunday)

  • 수욜 → 수요일 (Wednesday)

ㄳ / ㄱㅅ

감사합니다

Thank you

ㄳ / ㄱㅅ

가속

Accelerate – used on some message boards to artificially increase the number of replies or keep the thread alive. (I don’t think any Korean would use ㄳ this way.) (My mother tongue is Korean and I’ve never seen any Korean using ㄳ this way…maybe in little and minor websites but mostly not)

ㄱㅊ

괜찮아요

It’s ok

ㅅㄱ

수고하세요

Keep up the good work.

ㅊㅋ

축하해요

Congratulations

ㅎㅇ

하이

Hi

ㅂㅇ

바이

Bye

방가

반가워

Nice to meet you

ㅅㅂ

씨발

A strong korean curse word, similar to the F word.

내일

Tomorrow

올만이네

오랜만이네

Long time no see.

짱나

짜증나

Expression you use when something or someone is annoying

글쿠나/글쿤

그렇구나

(Ah) I see!

그냥

Just

어케

어떻게

How

대체

도대체

~the hell (i.e. who the hell …)


Some sentences

LEARNING KOREAN

Credit to:  This !

I think these sentences’, not slang. hmmm, i just collected it from “Korean Language Notes” so, hope yall enjoys it ^^~

  1. 됐거든. 
    Please don’t say anything more. (Used to show that you are tired of hearing someone’s excuses.)
  2. 낚였어.
    You got me. You had me going there.
  3. 낚았지?
    I got you, didn’t I. I had you going, didn’t I?
  4. 당근이지.
    You bet./ Absolutely.
  5. 내성질 건드리지 마.
    Don’t get on my nerves.
  6. 뒷북치지마.
    Thanks for the history lesson. Hindsight is 20/20.
  7. 잘났어 정말 / 너 잘났다.
    You are something else.
  8. 어제 필름이 끊겼어.
    I blacked out (from drinking) last night.
  9. 그 사람 그거 참 잘~ 됐다. / 쌤통이다.
    He deserves it. Serves him right.
  10. 그래 니 팔뚝 (또는 니 X) 굵다.
    Yes, you’re the man!
  11. 죽을만큼 마셔보자.
    Let’s drink us into the stupor.
  12. 니가 나한테 어떻게 그럴 수 있니?
    How could you do that to me?
  13. 놀구 있네~~ 삽질 하네~~
    Yeah. Right~
  14. 거기 물 좋다
    That place rocks! That place kicks!
  15. (문제의 답 등이) 너무쉽네/애걔(걔) 그게다야?
    That’s it? /Is that all?
  16. 너도 내 입장이 되어봐
    Put yourself in my shoes.
  17. 저리 가. 꺼져!
    Take a hike.
  18. 음식 잘 먹었습니다.
    I’ve never eaten better.
  19. 몇 시에 퇴근해요?
    What time do you call it a day?
  20. 야, 친구 좋다는 게 뭐야?
    Come on, what are friends for?
  21. 너무 감격해서 눈물이 난다.
    It was so touching, I almost cried.
  22. 미안해 할 것까지는 없어.
    There’s nothing to be sorry about.
  23. 내게 고마워할 것까지는 없어.
    There’s no need to thank me.
  24. 이보다 더 좋을 순 없다.
    It couldn’t be better than this!
  25. 메롱
    Neh Neh Neh Boo Boo
  26. 섭섭(실망)하지않게 해드리겠습니다!
    You won’t be disappointed!
  27. 니가 하는 일이 다 그렇지 뭐.
    That’s what you always do.
  28. 두고보자.
    Just wait! I’ll get (또는 pay) you back.
  29. 가만히 있으면 중간이나 가지.
    You should’ve kept quiet
  30. 이번 한 번만 봐준다.
    I’m gonna let it slide only this time.
  31. 쟤는 어디가도 굶어죽진 않겠다.
    No matter where he goes, he’ll do just fine.
  32. 너무많은걸 알려고하면 다쳐.
    Knowing too much will only hurt you.
  33. 네가 없으니 뭔가 허전한 기분이야.
    I feel like something is missing when you’re not here.
  34. 장난이 좀 심하군.
    Your joking is going a little too far.
  35. 말장난 그만 합시다.
    Let’s stop playing word games
  36. 다 엎어버리고 뛰쳐 나가고싶다.
    I just want to drop everything and run away.
  37. 여기 분위기 엄청 살벌하다. (삭막하다)
    The atmosphere here is very tense (hostile).
  38. 몸이 찌뿌둥하다
    I feel heavy.
  39. 오해 하지 마세요.
    Don’t get me wrong.
  40. 몸이 날아갈 것 같애. /가뿐해.
    I feel light as a feather. I feel good.
  41. 기가막혀 말이 안나오네.
    It’s so upset I’m speechless.
  42. 니 맘대로 하세요.
    Suit yourself.
  43. 괜히 나만 실없는사람 되었잖아.
    It just made me look irresponsible.
  44. 허리가 삐걱했어.
    I hurt my back.
  45. 허리를 다쳤어요.
    I threw out my back.
  46. 아직 옛날 실력 안 죽었어.
    I’ve still got it.
  47. 넌 이제 죽었어.
    You’re dead meat!
  48. 너 들으라고 한 소리 아냐.
    Don’t take it personally.
  49. 까꿍!
    Peekaboo!
  50. 알랑거리지마.
    Don’t try to butter me up.

Emotions

LEARNING KOREAN

These are ten of my favorite Korean and Japanese emoticons.

1(^_^) Laughing

2 (>_< )> Troubled

3 (^_^;) Troubled

4 (ToT) Crying

5  m(_ _)m            Apologizing

6 (^^ゞ or (^^;)   Shy

7 ( ̄ー ̄)         Grinning

8 (≧∇≦)/ Joyful

9 ( ̄□ ̄;) Surprised

10 (#^.^#) Shy

And a few more….

< ‘)++++< : a fish bone
v(^_^)v : victory
—E : a fork
Vm~ : a fox
>(/////)< : a piece of candy

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In South Korea, emoticons using hangul letters are becoming popular.

ㅇㅅㅇ ; ㅇㅂㅇ ; (-ㅅ-) ; ( ‘ㅅ’) ; ( “ㅅ”)
crying faces         ㅜ_ㅜ ㅠ_ㅠ
scratching one’s head    -ㅅ-a

hmmm, i think these are cute~
ㅡㅂㅡ ; (//ㅅ//) ; ㅇㅁㅇ ; ^ㅂ^ ; ㅠㅅㅠ

Emoticon(s) Meaning
*____* Smiling face
^^ Happy eyes
ㅡ_ㅡ/ >_< )> / ^_^;) Troubled
ㅜㅜ /  ㅠㅠ /뉴뉴 / Tears / Crying [similar to T-T]
.\/. Angry eyes
OTL Shape of a person fallen on the floor in representation of a failure or mistake. Another variation is orz
i.e., “I forgot my homework OTL” (O – head, T – torso and arms, L – legs)

  • 요TL is someone in a similar position throwing up
▶◀ Used for when someone died (represents black ribbon used in funeral)
-ㅅ-a Scratching one’s head
‘ㅅ’b Thumbs up
‘ㅅ’ㅗㅗ The middle finger
@.@ – Confusion
 ; The semicolon is supposed to represent sweat and used to indicate embarrassment and disappointment. The more semicolons the more one is indicating they are embarrassed. Example ^^;;, 말도 안 되는 소리 하지 마;;;
ㅋ.ㅋ  ?
ㅃ.ㅃ  ?
ㅎ.ㅎ  ?
~ Used to make a statement more friendly, especially at the end of conversation. imagine over-extended sound at the end. For example 안녕~~ would be like saying anyoungggg. The more ~’s there are the longer that sound extends.